Meredith McCoy: Yeah. Teaching Culturally Sensitive Holidays – Sherry Posnick-Goodwin (California Teachers Associations) Teaching Thanksgiving in a Socially Responsible Way – Teaching Tolerance; Teaching Thanksgiving from the Perspective of Native Americans – Christina “Krea” Gomez ; Lesson Plans/ Study Guides. Transforming Teaching and Learning about Native Americans from the National Museum of the American Indian Kids’ Books That Share True Stories of Native Peoples from Parent Map Teaching Thanksgiving in a Socially Responsible Way from Teaching Tolerance So the Yamasees engaged in the slave trade, but they begin to become disillusioned with it. For example, their lesson Teaching Thanksgiving in a Socially Responsible Way raises the point that “Native Americans have been speaking out and writing back against the colonialist narrative of Thanksgiving for as long as the American narrative has existed.” The lesson introduces students to two texts written by Native American authors that offer a different perspective on the Thanksgiving story than … So we see the ways that this concept that starts as a European religious idea, comes and travels to the United States and its origins and becomes this really foundational and shaping idea that impacts everything else about how the legal system functions for Indigenous peoples in the United States today. So in the global context, we often talk about this in the United States, in Canada, in New Zealand, in Australia. Meredith McCoy: There is so much history to cover. So, Doctor Snyder and I began our conversation with a question about common misconceptions about Indigenous peoples and enslavement. Teaching Tolerance, n29 p38-43 Spr 2006. So thinking about these ideas of Indigenous people being integrated into these European capitalist understandings of intergenerational servitude, it really is a cognitive dissonance with the idea that captivity is something that maintains a social fabric. Often disease that’s operating in tandem with warfare, either from Native neighbors or from colonizers and the violence of slavery. But this should be more than just an exercise because it’s an effective way to see the impact of slavery and colonialism on African and Indigenous nations. I’m so excited to be part of this project and bringing this very hard history in an accessible way to our teachers. Teaching Tolerance: How State Standards Represent Indigenous Peoples Instructional Content. So I’m excited to come on board. So, I asked Christina just what the impact of the Yamasee War was in terms of racialization and enslavement. That life for nations and people touched by slavery and colonialism was forever and irrevocably changed. So they have similar kinds of grievances, not necessarily all the same, but they do all see problems with the Indian slave trade. These allies have varying roles in the war. Millions of Indigenous people lived in North America before European colonial powers invaded. It’s not one thing; it changes all the time. They are not simply waiting for things to happen to them. I think many of us were trained as history teachers to teach the colonial era, and then the idea of colonization sort of disappears. Teaching Tolerance provides free teaching materials that include over 100 texts, sample inquiries and a detailed K–12 framework for teaching the history of American slavery. So as your students are building out these graphic organizers on the ground, they start to draw connections between their ideas and how they’re connecting to the other ideas or pressures that both lead up to the conflict and then that radiate out from it. The second thing is that the person could be adopted. So they engaged quite eagerly in this. But then how quickly the tide seems to turn, not just impacting individuals, but how, for example, the nature of warfare begins to change. Teaching Tolerance puts the figure at 500 tribes totaling about 22 million people. The Native American perspective "Young children's conceptions of Native Americans often develop out of media portrayals and classroom role playing of the events of the First Thanksgiving. Europeans are already interested in acquiring forced labor to begin plantations to start other kinds of economic endeavors. The end was just the beginning. Hasan K. Jeffries: I think we have to keep at the forefront of our mind when trying to understand the difficult decisions that native people are making. They’re facing severe land loss, severe population devastation, and in order to make sure that their people survive, they’re having to shift their understandings of what enslavement means and how they participate in this very capitalistic notion of enslavement that Europeans are bringing with them. Explore the Native American Influences in U.S. History and Culture Quiz, from Teaching Tolerance; Then, create a social media video that highlights the 3-5 most surprising things you learned. You can find us on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. Servitude exists in their own country. They had their own conflicts. So we can see both of those dynamics at play at once. Hasan K. Jeffries: When opening day finally arrived, my girls and I headed to the movies. Basically, in the context of our classrooms, we can think about different forms of colonialism. It really devastates the Florida mission system. Many of them also join attacks against South Carolina plantations. Sarah mentioned that these kinds of activities are really useful and important for students because it helps them see the conflict as not just an isolated event. So this is very personal to me, thinking about issues of curriculum and teaching practice. Those are typically furs. It was another outcome that could happen to enemies who were taken in war. Music chronicles the history of the civil rights … That is when the last significant peace treaty is signed. They are trying to protect. There is also a kind of prestige and power in having these captives. So people who are non-Christian, people who are enemy combatants, that is, they may have some ill will against the Spanish and they’re also starting to articulate these ideas about race and what we would call today “biological ideas about race,” that is that differences can be “carried in one’s blood,” would be the way that they would phrase it. Apple Podcasts | Google Music | Spotify | RSS | Help, Christina Snyder There does develop, though, a trade in Indian slaves. They really push deeply into the Mississippi Valley, eventually into Louisiana. She is the author of Slavery in Indian Country: The Changing Face of Captivity in Early America. Teaching Tolerance Unsettling America Settler colonialism is a useful framework for making sense of the history of the United States and more specifically California, which experienced three distinct phases of colonization - Spanish, Mexican, and American. So they were removing Indigenous peoples from the Americas and sending them out to the Caribbean, Europe and as far away as Asia. Those people who had already served in South Carolina households, they remain there. Christina Snyder: One thing that we have to understand first is that Native North America is incredibly diverse on the eve of colonization. Again, well if we had to sum up their ideas about captivity, one is that it’s not racial, it’s really more about kinship and social fabric. It isn’t necessarily as applicable to places like Latin America, where there are different forms of colonialism that become more dominant. So, they’re really starting to lose control over their participation in this trade and to see how abusive and how destructive it can be. Teaching the Native Perspective: Lessons. Meredith McCoy: I am thrilled today to welcome Christina Snyder. Educators use our materials to supplement the curriculum, to inform their practices, and to create civil and inclusive school communities where children are respected, valued and welcome participants. So the kind of traffic that we think about in the Atlantic is really complicated by our including Native peoples in that story. This podcast provides a detailed look at how to teach important aspects of the history of American slavery. Olsen, Ken. In that sense it’s taking a life and transforming it. It does have somewhat of an impact on all British colonies of the Eastern Seaboard. Teaching Tolerance Five lesson ideas from Education World. Christina Snyder: Thanks so much, Meredith. A Playlist for the Movement – w/ Charles L. Hughes. Why Indigenous nations are making these political alliances, choosing to engage in warfare, choosing to integrate into the slave trade, and how does capitalism play a role in that expansion? How is that working, in terms of Indigenous peoples are being sent to Europe as enslaved people at the same time that African people are being brought to what’s currently the United States as enslaved people? Now, Montana is a leader in educating this population of students, and provides an example for how teachers can use culturally aware instruction to promote tolerance. We think about our networks of family and relationship as being really core to our identities as Indigenous peoples. Hasan K. Jeffries: When we think about the racialization of slavery in the American context, we often draw our attention to Bacon’s Rebellion and think about the ways in which this colonial rebellion, landless whites in Virginia, are rebelling against the landed elite for their piece of the pie, and the response to that on the part of the land and white elite is like, “Oh, we need to move away from this particular class hierarchy and shift our attention to creating a permanent underclass, that being enslaved African laborers.”. But I wouldn’t be here today, Indigenous peoples wouldn’t be here today, if it weren’t for the resilience, the creativity and the resistance of our ancestors. They have a kind of ambivalent relationship to slavery at first, but eventually they too become involved in the African and the Indian slave trade. So on the second voyage to the Caribbean, he takes captives. The Iroquois have a term for this, which is “the mourning wars.” Mourning, not as in the time of day but as in mourning a relative for death. The first case, Johnson V. M’Intosh, just when this doctrine of discovery gets sort of lain out and the idea becomes that Native nations are domestic dependent nations. When we see the Spanish coming to the Americas, again they’re coming right off of that Reconquista. Even though it’s not entirely effective. But in the West, the impact is really perhaps minimal or zero. "It's perfect because I get to teach my kids about Native American history throughout the school year!" Talking with students about slavery can be emotional and complex. Certainly not in the eyes of Indigenous people, but in order to do this when they were invading a village, they would read the Requerimiento, usually in Spanish unless there was a readily available Native interpreter, which basically said that, “If you refuse to submit to the King and Queen of Spain and to the doctrines of Catholicism, then we have every right to kill you, to enslave you, to sell you.” Spanish colonizers thought about this as a legal contract. So there are different models of how empires wanted their colonies to function. So, for them thinking about adoption is really addressing the loss of a loved one, compensating for that, taking in someone new, repairing the social fabric, incorporating them in society. The first is by taking them directly. The first season was amazing. That this is about how Indigenous peoples adopt technologies and systems that they believe will provide them with the resources, or the strategies that they need to protect their peoples, and their lands over time facing this severe threat from European invasion. All of the other remaining settlers and enslaved people are forced into fortified Charleston for most of the remainder of the war. There were likely between five and 10 million people living in what’s now the U.S. They’re speaking 300 different languages. It highlights Native people’s role in trying to extricate themselves from this trade which had been so detrimental to their societies. This doctrine of discovery is basically a legal notion that, supported by the Catholic Church, that decrees that only Catholic powers should colonize North America, and that essentially Indigenous people only had use rights. They could also be a symbol of prestige and power or part of the expansion of a chief’s social network. Hasan K. 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