There are also several less important responses that might also be mentioned in a good answer to this question: Eleanor was TR’s favorite niece and, because of TR’s popularity, the Roosevelt name was helpful to FDR in his effort to become president. 6. By focusing on personal elements in a president’s life rather than the political history, students can begin to understand the importance of the character of the individual who holds the highest office in the U.S. and gain insight into how character shapes policy. Morgan, 112 – 116. 13. When Mrs. Roosevelt was asked, “Do you think your husband’s illness has affected his mentality?” she responded, “Yes. Roosevelt was an only child. The film is well researched and in many respects historically accurate. What were they? Selected Awards & Cast ” . As Hitler, the Japanese militarists, and four Republican presidential candidates were to discover, Roosevelt was a tough opponent. Warm Springs Rapid is one of the West's classic whitewater experiences. With polio, a disease rare now in the U.S., there was fear that infection could be passed from one person to another. While most people knew that FDR suffered some degree of disability, his family, his aides and primarily Roosevelt himself engaged in what came to be called by author Gregory Gallagher, a “splendid deception.” His handicap remained unnoticed if possible and palatable if not. . Goodwin, 245, 399 – 400. Movies for Grownups advocates for the 50-plus audience by fighting ageism in the entertainment industry and encouraging films that resonate with older viewers. By demonstrating that a man whose legs were paralyzed could lead the country, FDR helped to change the way U.S. society viewed the disabled and the way the disabled viewed themselves. (Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, along with Thomas Jefferson, are often mentioned just below Washington, Lincoln and FDR in surveys of historians as to the presidents who have provided the best leadership to the U.S.). How old was Franklin Roosevelt when he was struck down by polio? Roosevelt refused to be defeated by these attitudes and insisted on living life to its fullest. FDR convinced Dr. LeRoy W. Hubbard, an experienced orthopedist with the New York State Department of Health, to take charge of the Warm Springs medical program and write the report to the AOA. Ward, 764 FDR recruited push boys from among local young men and girls from a local college to serve as assistants to the polios. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available from email@example.com. The stirring true story of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's battle to overcome being left a paraplegic by polio in 1921. Although unable to walk more than a few paces, Roosevelt projected an image of power and strength that contributed to his reputation as a dynamic leader. People avoided the disabled, reacting to fears that they themselves would end up in that condition. His policies to ameliorate the effects of the Great Depression began the construction of the social safety net on which many Americans rely today. The pool was especially refurbished for this movie. In societies in which hygiene is poor, children are exposed to polio in infancy, when they are protected by their mother’s antibodies, or in early life when the effects of the infection are mild and can be overcome during development. Research information about Eleanor Roosevelt and her influence on FDR. Before being paralyzed by polio, FDR had won election to the state senate in New York from a traditionally Republican district. Eleanor discovered FDR’s affair with Lucy Mercer when she found a packet of Lucy’s love letters while unpacking FDR’s luggage. Before coming to Warm Springs, he had corresponded with people all over the country looking for a cure and sharing what he knew. The feel of the period and the scenes of the Warm Springs area were fairly realistic. Ward, 771 & 772. 11. The movie, most likely employing poetic license, uses the Fred Botts episode to illustrate the crossing of this emotional bridge. Gallagher, pp. Franklin Roosevelt, left a paraplegic from polio at 39 years of age, seeks out a miracle cure in the backwoods of Georgia. Although crutches were a reasonably practical and safe way to get around, they were a symbol of the cripple, arousing fear, revulsion, and pity. 14. No photographs of Roosevelt in a helpless position were featured in the media of the time. Start your free trial to watch Warm Springs and other popular TV shows and movies including new releases, classics, Hulu Originals, and more. Having been a a patient at Warm Springs for many years during the 1930s and late 1940s, I feel qualified to critique the HBO movie, Warm Springs. This is another example of properly exercised poetic license. The other half would go to Eleanor. See Helpful Background paragraph on Theodore Roosevelt. 586 & 7. Because of his strength of character and leadership qualities he was able to care for others, at first leading the development of a therapeutic community at Warm Springs, and then leading the country to a compassionate response to the Great Depression. One of the most important advances in the treatment of the disabled that came to characterize Warm Springs was psychological. The U.S. government intervened, assuring Bethlehem Steel that the State Department would collect the money from Argentina but the U.S. needed its ally in the Great War to get the ships right away. Do you agree that Franklin Roosevelt was the greatest president of the 20th century? FDR never lost an election after his legs were paralyzed. Helpful Background, Using the Movie in the Classroom Before coming to Warm Springs he had carried on a lively correspondence with people all over the country looking for a cure and sharing what he knew. Finally, the Roosevelt family experience at Campobello was very active, with hikes, boating, and swimming. (He had been on a Navy Department tour of Europe.) More sophisticated students may note that being black or Hispanic or being a woman were once considered to be disqualifiers among people seeking public office. Roosevelt himself was the laughing optimistic center of the community. Gallagher 5 & 6. FDR eventually promised never to see Lucy Mercer again and gave up any conjugal rights to Eleanor. Polio epidemics are thought to be caused by modern public health procedures. Large segments of the film and the dialog are taken directly from historical events. What the film misses is that the experience had fertile ground from which to grow a great character. She served as FDR’s hostess when Eleanor was away, which was often. Students will learn about FDR’s leadership skills, his perseverance, and empathy, elements of which can be seen in many New Deal policies. People avoided the disabled, reacting to their own fears that they too could become paralyzed. I’ll stand easily enough in front of people so that they’ll forget I’m a cripple.” This is, after all, the goal of rehabilitation, the ability to do what one wants despite one’s disability. In addition, throughout FDR’s life, Eleanor was his progressive conscience, the voice of the downtrodden and disadvantaged. FDR was an innovator in the rehabilitation of polio victims. After he became President, FDR saw Lucy Mercer again on isolated occasions. See also TWM’s Historical Fiction in Film Cross-Curricular Homework Project. When necessary, these were met with immediate counterattacks demonstrating that Roosevelt was fit to govern. In 1921, when Roosevelt was 39 years old, he fell ill with polio, a disease known at the time as infantile paralysis. When a photographer sought to violate the code, other photographers would block shots of FDR looking helpless or gently knock the camera to the ground. But how much of the historical drama is accurate? The film features scenes shot at Appomattox, Charlotte Courthouse, Farmville, Hot Springs, Warm Springs and Lexington. (2) The polios at Warm Springs were encouraged to do the most that they could with the muscles that remained to them. While in the state senate, FDR made a name for himself as a reformer, frequently battling city based machine bosses (Tammany Hall). He was among people who shared the experience of being unable to care for themselves and who had to be lifted in and out of chairs, cars, and pools. After recovering from the acute stages of polio, Roosevelt embarked on a tireless struggle to regain the ability to walk. Fred Botts was a real person who had spent years secluded in a back bedroom of his parents’ home. FDR was across the country and couldn’t attend the funeral. Warm Springs was the embodiment of Roosevelt’s spirit. The impression left by the film is that the pre-polio Roosevelt was a shallow, selfish, spoiled, rich aristocrat who was also a political opportunist. http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Film/WarmSprings. Lash, 296 & 297. Lash, 3, 28, 29, 32, 33, 44, 56. Goodwin, 561, 562, 600 – 603, 611 – 615, 631 & 632. (If you can name all four you get extra credit.). One of the disconnects between the Roosevelts was Warm Springs. Describe at least two of them. While in the state senate, FDR earned a reputation as a reformer, frequently battling city-based machine bosses (Tammany Hall). This Learning Guide will focus on the historical accuracy of the film and FDR’s experience at Warm Springs. He designed a treatment table (shown in the film) 12 inches below the surface of the water. Morgan, 276, Gallagher, 40 & 41. In addition, before his bout with polio, FDR had been a loyal supporter of Woodrow Wilson, greatly admiring the man and his policies. This kept Franklin’s name in the public discourse during the period from 1921 to 1928 when he was focusing on his therapy. At that time, its effects are usually very mild and can be overcome during development. (1) The optimistic, happy attitude. She came a few times to the White House to dine with FDR when Eleanor was away. Disabilities were the subject of jokes and teasing. He read the letters, too, if he could make out the writing through the envelope. Ward, 772. He fought against them and never succumbed to them. In 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, bringing the U.S. into the Second World War. It is available on Amazon. 16 & 17. 7. Eleanor’s father loved her but his alcoholism kept him from being consistent. Goodwin, p. 377. Check the current conditions for Warm Springs, OR for the day ahead, with radar, hourly, and up to the minute forecasts. It was intended that life be as normal as possible: the food was good, served at formal settings with china and linen napkins; bridge tournaments, picnics, poker games, movies, and amateur theatricals passed the time and lifted spirits. The best quotes from Warm Springs (2005). It is now standard equipment for water therapy. Loving Lucy and having to give her up appeared to some friends of Roosevelt to have led to a more profound change in his character than the bout with polio. Meet the cast and learn more about the stars of of Warm Springs with exclusive news, photos, videos and more at TVGuide.com Research and writing skills can be practiced through the assignments at the end of the film. He would be content with appearing to be able to walk short distances in controlled circumstances, such as the walk to the podium at a speaking event or a convention. This type of transposition of facts and situation that retains the essential meaning of the event is a characteristic of good historical fiction and occurs repeatedly in this film.) Describe the parts of the characterization of these individuals that were accurate. Eleanor was constantly trying to secure her mother’s affection. In short, FDR wanted to project the image of a dynamic leader. FICTION (SOAPS, DRAMAS, AND REALITY/SURVIVAL SHOW), Film Study Worksheet for a Work of Historical Fiction, Discussion Questions Relating to Ethical Issues, Time 100: The Most Important People of the 20th Century, The Online Photos section of the FDR Library website. One of the Best! He, too, died prematurely. How many times was Franklin Roosevelt elected President of the United States? Best mistakes Best pictures New this month Best comedy quotes Most mistakes Questions Movie quote quiz IMDb top 250 Best of 2020 Warm Springs ( 2005 ) 2 factual errors He had little in common with an upstate New York patrician who had never wanted for anything in his life. Second, he established a rehabilitation center and community of disabled people at Warm Springs. When asked how, after a tense and exhausting day, he could get to sleep at night, he said, “It’s very easy. At Warm Springs, FDR was no longer separated from everyone around him by his paralysis. Find Warm Springs at Amazon.com Movies & TV, home of thousands of titles on DVD and Blu-ray. TWM offers the following movie worksheets to keep students’ minds on the film and to focus their attention on the lessons to be learned from the movie. If you are planning a trip to Warm Springs, I would advise that you and your family view the HBO movie prior to going. They cheered and cheered. From his youth, Franklin Roosevelt idolized his distant cousin Theodore Roosevelt. Political cartoons depicted him “as a man of action — running, jumping, doing things.” Not one shows FDR as being physically impaired. Recently Conquered: The Longshots: Recently Defeated By: Heavenly Creatures: Genres: Drama Franklin Roosevelt, left a paraplegic from polio at 39 years of age, seeks out a miracle cure in the backwoods of Georgia. Botts was later employed as the Registrar at Warm Springs in charge of admissions. The basic theme of the film is that Franklin Roosevelt’s character was forged through his long and painful fight with polio. Only two of the 35,000 still photographs of FDR contained in his Presidential Library show him seated in a wheelchair. FDR led the U.S. to a compassionate and democratic response to the Great Depression. His association with the polios at Warm Springs allowed FDR to understand and connect with all people in a much more fundamental way than he would have been able to do had he not been paralyzed and had he not helped to develop a therapeutic community at Warm Springs. The stirring true story of Franklin D. Roosevelt's battle with polio in 1921. She came several times to Warm Springs and was visiting him there when he died. 2. Name two of them and describe the important events that they portray. The scenes showing Roosevelt dodging Al Smith’s telephone calls in 1928 trying to convince FDR to run for governor of New York recall real events. The trailer for the HBO film Warm Springs.Starring Kenneth Branagh, Cynthia Nixon, Kathy BatesWritten by Margaret NagleDirected by Joe Sargent His tenure included the entire First World War. By October of 1924 when he first visited Warm Springs, Roosevelt was already an expert: an expert in all the treatments that didn’t work. He designed a treatment table (shown in the film) 12 inches below the surface of the water. Smith showed substantial political acumen and courage in agreeing. The marriage between Franklin and Eleanor was a love match at first but differences in their personalities caused problems as they grew older. What offices did Roosevelt hold before he was elected President? Questions are focused on comprehension, application, analysis, syntheses or evaluation. “[W]hen some of the veteran reporters who had accompanied the President … were seen to be wet-eyed at the sight of such lovely girls unable even to stand, the polios laughed all the harder and FDR hardest of all.” Ward, 772. + VIEW MOVIE DETAILS : Warm Springs (25%) 25% (91) wins: 74% (263) losses: 100% (354) have seen it. When historians are asked who they would choose as the greatest Presidents of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt ranks with Washington and Lincoln as among the three best. 7 – 9. Warm Springs Historic District-Wikipedia His request was denied. When FDR was governor and president, Eleanor would travel the state, and later the country, inspecting plants, housing projects, defense industries and anything else her husband wanted to know about. Additional accomplishments by Roosevelt were that: (1) he won a New York state senate seat in a largely Republican district and pursued a reformist policy in the New York Senate; and (2) he ran for vice-president on the Democratic ticket in 1920. Roosevelt’s demeanor during the Great Depression (“The only thing we have to fear is fear itself”) was optimistic. Like all historical fiction, it takes dramatic liberties by telescoping several events into one or mixing up the time sequence. With weekly news and reviews, nationwide screenings, and an annual awards event, AARP champions movies for grownups, by grownups. Like cousin Teddy, FDR got his start in local politics in the State of New York. For example, in Cairo, Egypt, it was found that close to 100% of the children were immune to at least one strain of the polio virus. Franklin Roosevelt refused to be defeated by these attitudes and insisted on living his life to the fullest extent possible. It had four aspects. He pulled himself up by his bootstraps and later became one of the wealthiest men in America. A number of facts are rearranged in time and some scenes are constructed for dramatic effect, but overall the film imparts the essence of what really happened with the two exceptions described in this section of the Learning Guide. Teachers can modify the movie worksheets to fit the needs of each class. Loyless was the other half owner. All well-supported responses are acceptable. (4) Life at Warm Springs was as normal as possible with formal meals, picnics, entertainments etc. He learns of a promising spa in Warm Springs, Ga., and travels there, only to find it dilapidated. Compare Sunrise at Campobello, a somewhat more historically accurate portrayal of this period in FDR's life. Innovative New Deal projects, such as the Works Projects Administration and the Civilian Conservation Corps, were designed to give workers jobs or training that the private economy no longer provided. (3) The atmosphere was happy and encouraged jokes and high spirits. Thirty-six destroyers had been built. Defend your position. It is now standard equipment for water therapy. Through years of strenuous work FDR was able, just barely, to attain his second goal. The tugs were accompanied by a contingent of armed Marines. The most important were: his mother, Eleanor, Lucy Mercer, and Missy LeHand. He was the only leader of a major nation in all of history who rose to power while suffering from a major disability. FDR’s mother threatened disinheritance, Eleanor was willing to give FDR his freedom, and Howe reminded FDR that a divorce would doom his political career. In 2005 the Warm Springs Institute was featured in the television movie Warm Springs, which details FDR's struggle with his paralytic illness, his discovery of the Georgia spa resort, his work to turn it into a center for the aid of polio victims, and the subsequent resumption of his political career. 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