When it comes time to molt, they will haul out on land to shed their outer layer, and will not consume any food during this time. World's Weirdest: Seagulls Help Sunfish .  The gestation period for females is 11 months, and the pupping seasons lasts from mid to late summer. When molting occurs, the seal is susceptible to the cold, and must rest on land, in a safe place called a "haul out". It can be a dangerous endeavor to study leopard seals, and in one case, they have been known to kill humans.  The turbinate process, another unique adaptation, is very beneficial when these seals are fasting, breeding, molting, or hauling out. Northern elephant seal bulls reach a length of 4.3 to 4.8 m (14 to 16 ft) and the heaviest weigh about 2,500 kg (5,500 lb).  Also, elephant seals have the ability to fast for long periods of time while breeding or molting. Their stomachs also often contain gastroliths. Female leopard seals, the larger of the two sexes, can grow up to 590 kg (1,300 pounds) and 3.8m meters (10 feet) long. Fire Ants Kill. Such attacks are unusual because big bull elephant seals can be formidable foes for sharks, said biologist Brian Hatfield of the US Geological Service. Elephant seals are rarely seen on the surface of water. On the rare occasion they haul out on land, leopard seals will first issue a warning growl before defending their space more violently.  The beta bull helps the alpha by preventing other males accessing the females. But the fur seal colony provides the main course for the caracara. elephant seals can dive a mile or more below the waves. Northern males and young adults haul out during June to July to molt; northern females and immature seals during April to May.  The females and juveniles will molt first, followed by the sub adult males, and finally the large mature males.  When elephant seals are born, they can weigh up to 36 kilograms (79 pounds) and reach lengths up to 122 cm (4 ft 0 in). The Antarctic Peninsula Basecamp cruise offers you a myriad of ways to explore and enjoy the Antarctic Region. They have large sinuses in their abdomens to hold blood and can also store oxygen in their muscles with increased myoglobin concentrations in muscle. Elephant Sees Her Caregiver Being Attacked, Rushes To The Rescue. Elephant seal has been listed as a level-5 vital article in an unknown topic. Heart attack and stroke deprive key organs of oxygen supply causing serious and life-threatening problems. The two species, the northern elephant seal (M. angustirostris) and the southern elephant seal (M. leonina), were both hunted to the brink of extinction by the end of the 19th century, but their numbers have since recovered. Elephant seals are large, oceangoing earless seals in the genus Mirounga.  Males reach maturity at five to six years, but generally do not achieve alpha status until the age of eight, with the prime breeding years being between ages 9 and 12. The kelp forests, which are not far off shore, and the shallowness of the sea bed could help the seals avoid predation since shark attacks are more common in deeper water. Pups are born on ice floes and kept in small snow holes that the female leopard seals dig out during their pregnancy.  The generic name Mirounga is a Latinization of miouroung, which is said to have been a term for the seal in an Australian Aboriginal language. For the superfamily of sea slugs, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "WCS Chile > Especies > Elefantes marinos", "A new large-bodied Pliocene seal with unusual cutting teeth", "First monk seal from the Southern Hemisphere rewrites the evolutionary history of true seals", "Rapid Response of a Marine Mammal Species to Holocene Climate and Habitat Change", "Synopsis of the species of the class Mammalia", "Conservation Advice: Mirounga leonina, southern elephant seal", "Elephant Seal, Elephant Seal Profile, Facts, Information, Photos, Pictures, Sounds, Habitats, Reports, News â National Geographic". Female leopard seals are the first to reach sexual maturity, and they do so between the ages of three and seven. Most recently, a marine biologist working with the British Antarctic Survey drowned after being dragged nearly 60 meters (200 feet) underwater by a leopard seal. They may do this over and over again until the penguin successfully makes it to shore or succumbs to exhaustion. Elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) on Piedras Blancas beach, near San Simeon, California, Northern elephant seals during molting season at Piedras Blancas beach, near San Simeon, California, Beachmasters, the dominant bulls fighting at Macquarie Island, Elephant seals at Piedras Blancas, California, "Sea elephant" redirects here. Their bodies are long and slender, and their heads appear to be almost too large for their serpent-like bodies. monkey killed Attack Animals attack hyena eats lion hyena eats man hyena eats zebra hyena eats human hyena eats elephant b hole hyena eats baby hyena eats man alive hyena eats itself hyena eats warthog alive hyena eats wildebeest alive hyena eats hyena eats what hyena eats alive hyena eats animal alive hyena eats anus hyena eats antelope hyena eats antelope alive hyena kills a lion …  Male elephant seals use fighting, vocal noises, and different positions to determine who will be deemed the dominant male. Exceptions to this include the annual breeding period, which takes place shortly after the pupping season, when multiple leopard seals aggregate. Scientists are still trying to figure out how leopard seals choose mates and establish territories. Tubi Viral. If your thirst for adventure leads you to Antarctica, you may be lucky enough to cross paths with a leopard seal while you’re there. If you’re lucky enough to take an Antarctica cruise, make sure to keep your eyes on the ice floes. helicopters, Falkland Islands - South Georgia - Antarctica, Antarctica - Discovery and learning voyage.  Females do not have the large proboscis and can be distinguished between species by looking at their nose characteristics. Ross Sea, PLA22-21 This Antarctic Peninsula and South Shetland Islands cruise delivers you into a landscape of dark rugged rock, pure white snow, and a fantastic variety, OTL24-21 The average lifespan of a Northern Elephant Seal is 9 years, while the average lifespan of a Southern Elephant Seal is 21 years. Females begin breeding at age 3â6 (median=4), and have one pup per breeding attempt. When he finally decided to take a break, he later said was. Rushes to the Rescue was a 39 year old African elephant who d. 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