The Greensand Ridge Nature Improvement Area. The Greensand Ridge is an extensive, prominent, often wooded, mixed greensand / sandstone escarpment in south-east England. It is from here that the stone known as chert is found, familiar in the High Chart hills around Limpsfield, Surrey. To the east, especially around Maidstone, Kent, the Hythe Beds yield a blue-grey sandstone with a high lime content. On the surface the strata of which the dome is composed crop out in a series of concentric circles, shaped like a horseshoe, with the more resistant chalk and sandstones forming hills and ridges (such as the North and South Downs, the Greensand Ridge, and the High Weald), and the weaker clays forming vales (such as the Low Weald) between them. On the south side of the Weald the Lower Greensand also forms another arc of rather less pronounced hills parallel to and just north of the South Downs, which become less prominent the further east one goes. The steep scarp slopes to the north of the Ridge contrast with the gently-folded slopes to the south. Here in Bedfordshire the Lower Greensand Formation forming Greensand Country is known as the Woburn Sands. Petersfield marks the western end, where the ridge turns north east. The Greensand Ridge, capped by the resistant sands and sandstones of the Hythe Beds, reinforced by bands of chert, rises steeply as a series of high, wooded escarpments between Gibbet Hill, Hindhead (272 metres (892 ft)), north of Haslemere, and the ridge's highest point, Leith Hill (294 metres (965 ft)). The Greensand Ridge Walk is a 40-mile long route that crosses Bedfordshire. Geology still confuses by using interchangeably the Weald and the "Wealden Anticline" that embraces all the land bounded by the chalk escarpments of the North and South Downs, including the Greensand hills. This stretch of the Greensand has become the most closely identified with the term "Greensand Ridge", and it includes the second highest point in south-east England, Leith Hill in Surrey. Extending for 108 miles, it starts in the west at Haslemere and ends in the east at Ham Street, Kent, on the edge of Romney Marsh. Greensand Ridge specialises in Gin, Fruit Brandies and Rums, making spirits with a local influence, using sustainable practices and turning produce from local growers into fine spirits. Here there are stunning views to the south of the Weald from a terrace donated in 1898 by Octavia Hill, one of the founders of the National Trust. For more information on the walk and to download maps visit Central Bedfordshire Council's website. Find out about hidden local gems, beautiful walking trails and cycle paths al… https://t.co/F23L1Fo6eI, @greensandsocial one for you - thanks! It's a place of some historic note having been converted to a pub from a 16th century building. Please park at Rushmere main entrance Linslade Road OPEN 9am - 5.30pm daily (final entry at 5pm). A 40 mile long footpath runs along the ridge, with … Joint Character Area: Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge (partially also Bedfordshire & Cambridgeshire Claylands). The winter edition of our quarterly news bulletin is now available to view. [1] [2] In 2009, the Greensand Ridge Local Action Group was formed to help enhance and develop the Greensand Ridge area. What is the Greensand Ridge? The Greensand Ridge is one of the few places in Central England where thin, sandy soils support lowland heathland and acid grassland - distinctive landscapes which support specific wildlife and vegetation and need to be protected to thrive. From there the land levels until it drops to the old sea-cliff line above Romney Marsh. Main entrance located in Linslade Road, Heath and Reach, Beds LU7 0EB. In some places the clay vale is very narrow: for example at Oxted the gap between summits of the Greensand Ridge and the North Downs is less than 2 kilometres (1.2 mi). It follows a ridge of greensand (hence the name!) It runs to and from the East Sussex coast, around the Weald , a … Central Bedfordshire Landscape Character Assessment LUC 2015 6A Woburn Greensand Ridge Location and boundaries 6A.1 This large scale, rolling, elevated landscape occurs north of Leighton Buzzard predominantly over the solid band of Lower Greensand and with a distinctive ridge … At just over 27,300 hectares, the Greensand Ridge is an “island” of sandstone in surrounding clay vales, covering a significant part of Central Bedfordshire, along with small sections of Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire. Ideal for families all year round, an access for all path starting from outside the Visitor Centre - find fairy doors, wooden sculptures and have a photo taken in the Giant’s Chair! It then flattens for several miles, before re-emerging east of Nutfield to run eastwards as a high wooded ridge into an area between Oxted and Sevenoaks known locally as the Chartlands, where it reaches another high point at Toys Hill, Kent (235 metres (771 ft)). The Greensand Ridge, also known as the Wealden Greensand is an extensive, prominent, often wooded, mixed greensand/sandstone escarpment in south-east England. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°10′N 0°22′W / 51.167°N 0.367°W / 51.167; -0.367. It reaches its highest elevation, 294 metres (965 ft), at Leith Hill in Surrey—the second highest point in south-east England, while another hill in its range, Blackdown, is the highest point in Sussex at 280 metres (919 ft). Welcome to the original and only web guide to the Greensand Ridge Walk in Bedfordshire. Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge is an escarpment which runs through Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, and Cambridgeshire in the south and east of England. As 2020 comes to an end, we'd like to acknowledge how delighted we are to have been able to provide a safe environment to support our local and wider community’s health and wellbeing needs throughout the difficult times of this year. All along the shallow valleys springs feed streams which carry acidic water down to the valley of the River Flit which meanders through Flitwick Moor, a unique peatland of national significance. Chert, ironstone and calcareous deposits occur in small amounts. Whether you would like to try mountain biking or just want to walk the dog you'll find it all here. A great place to discover nature and enjoy the outdoors with over 400 acres of woodland, heathland and meadows to enjoy - a fabulous site for walking, cycling, horse riding and wildlife with café, visitor centre and events. South of here the Vale of Fernhurst has been eroded down into the Low Weald by what is now a small stream following a line of a gentle west-east trending upfold. In many places along the escarpment of the Greensand Ridge erosion by wind and rain, landslips on the steep scarp face, and solifluction in glacial times have further combined to create steep-side coombes, and low hillocks below the scarp. The Greensand Ridge Walk is Bedfordshire's premier long distance walk. [8] Local people regarded the hills of the Greensand Ridge as overlooking the Weald, rather than forming a part of it, and hence a distinction came to be made between the settlements on the Greensand Ridge, such as Sevenoaks, Sundridge Upland and Boughton Malherbe Upland, and those formed during the later medieval colonisation of the Wealden portion of these parishes, called today Sevenoaks Weald, Sundridge Weald and Boughton Malherbe Weald.[9]. Hills on the Greensand Ridge at least 200 metres high and with 30 metres or more of topographical prominence are here listed, along the range from west to east. Known as ragstone, this is seen in many local buildings. Differential fluvial erosion has virtually flattened the dome into a series of hills and vales. When fresh the rocks have a greenish colouration owing to the presence of glauconite, but on exposure to the atmosphere this is rapidly oxidised to limonite, giving rise to a yellow or reddish brown staining. Defined by the Greensand Ridge, Greensand Country is an island of distinctive, beautiful and loved countryside stretching from Leighton Buzzard to Gamlingay, which rises out of the surrounding clay vales. Listen and you might hear the buzz of bees and hoverflies and the songs of woodland birds newly arriving from winters spent far to the south. Greensand Country covers 40 miles of scenic landscape, which is defined by the Greensand Ridge and reaches three neighbouring counties: from Cambridgeshire in the East, across Bedfordshire and to Buckinghamshire in the West. We're on the hunt for Greensand Champions - groups or individual young people who are doing something amazing for the Greensand Country environment. Greensand Ridge Walk, Ampthill: Address, Greensand Ridge Walk Reviews: 4.5/5. RT @bedsrcc: We know it's a worrying time right now. Registered in England: 3702419, Registered address: The Greensand Trust, The Working Woodlands Centre, Maulden Wood, Haynes West End, Bedfordshire, MK45 3UZ, Rushmere Country Park celebrates first Green Flag Award. Excellent. For everyone's safety dog walkers must abide by our on/off lead rules and pick up after their dog. With a toehold in both Buckinghamshire and Cambridgeshire, and stretching over 45km, the vast majority of this attractive landscape is in Bedfordshire and is home to distinctive habitats and wildlife. In 2009, the Greensand Ridge Local Action Group was formed to help enhance and develop the Greensand Ridge area. Greensand Way in Kent, 1992, Kent Count Council, Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, "NCA Profile:120 Wealden Greensand (NE465)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Greensand_Ridge&oldid=995929480, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 17:01. Bedfordshire Rural Community Charity and the Greensand Trust are leading the Secrets of the Sands Heritage Lottery Funded Landscape Partnership Programme for the Greensand Ridge. [5], The soil of the Greensand is quite varied, ranging from fertile to fairly sterile. The ridge continues eastwards past Sevenoaks, until south-west of Maidstone it is broken by the valley of the River Medway. https://t.co/FU8nhvD3bd, Charity number: 1077055 Company limited by guarantee. Settlements on the main part of the ridge, running from Surrey into Kent include Haslemere, Godalming, Reigate and Redhill, Oxted and Sevenoaks. Principal settlements lying on the southern part of the Greensand in Sussex, adjacent to the South Downs, include Storrington (at the eastern end of the ridge) and Midhurst. Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge is an escarpment which runs through Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, and Cambridgeshire in the south and east of England.A pathway runs along the ridge from Leighton Buzzard to Gamlingay. Christopher Somerville. The ridge then continues as far as Pluckley, Kent. Ironstone, from layers embedded in the Sandgate Beds, is often seen in chips (gallets) pressed into the mortar between such stones. anticline) and then deformed and faulted. The Weald dome consists of a series of geological strata laid down in the Cretaceous that have subsequently been lifted up, formed into a dome (i.e. Below it lie successively older strata of alternating clays and sandstones laid down in the Lower Cretaceous, namely Upper Greensand, Gault Clay, Lower Greensand, Weald Clay and the Hastings Beds. Wander into one of the Greensand Ridge's ancient woodlands in late April and you'll encounter drifts of bluebells. The ridge itself forms The area’s unique landscape and geology results in a place of rich natural and cultural heritage. Geology: Mostly Greensand, with mudstone on the bottom of the slopes.There are several pockets of glacial materials overlying the greensand. This forest, difficult to penetrate and settle, and difficult to exploit agriculturally, in due course became an essential part of a system of transhumance whereby each autumn swine would be driven, sometimes over long distances, from the longer-settled areas on the periphery into the Wealden forest to feed on acorns of oak trees and beech mast. We also sell hand sanitiser in retail and bulk supply. The varied geology of the Ridge has created a distinctive mosaic of habitats and land uses. Landscape Types: Wooded agricultural landscape with areas of heathland.The southern end is agricultural with dispersed woodland. The Greensand Ridge Walk is a long-distance walk of 40 miles (64 km) that crosses Bedfordshire, with brief sections in Cambridgeshire and Buckinghamshire. Forming part of the Weald, a former dense forest in Sussex, Surrey and Kent, it runs to and from the East Sussex coast, wrapping around the High Weald and Low Weald. Much of the Greensand Ridge in Surrey is one limb of the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty while a section of the Greensand hills in western Kent, from Limpsfield Chart near Westerham through Sevenoaks to Plaxtol, forms part of the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, where it is known as the Sevenoaks Greensand Ridge. For these peoples the term Weald did not include the land cleared of forest and settled earlier, such as the fertile Vale of Holmesdale (which separates the North Downs from the Greensand Ridge), nor the more lightly wooded and open hills found on the sandstones of the Greensand Ridge, which also seem to have been settled earlier. For Greensand Ridge in Bedfordshire, see Bedfordshire Greensand Ridge. The Greensand Ridge Walk is a long-distance walk of 40 miles (64 km) that crosses Bedfordshire, with brief sections in Cambridgeshire and Buckinghamshire. Ampthill Park has a bit of everything - tremendous views from The Greensand Ridge, a fascinating heritage from Henry VIII to Capability Brown, and a diverse collection of flora and fauna. The well-wooded, mature and attractive landscape contains a number of places to visit such as Rushmere Country Park in Heath and Reach to the west, the RSPB's nature reserve at The Lodge near Sandy and the popular Greensand Ridge Walk running the entire distance. The Jutes and Saxons who settled in south-east England in the centuries following the collapse of the Roman empire applied the term Weald (a Germanic term for woodland) to the very large, heavily wooded forest that they found lying inland of the coastal lands and river valleys that they initially settled. Rushmere Country Park joins 2,061 green spaces across the country receiving international quality mark, the Green Flag Award, in a year when millions have seen the value of having great quality green spaces on their doorstep. 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